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Codificatore 2D-DCT hardware
di Pietro Sarro, Cataldo Sasso, Giuseppe Scappatura

Copyright © 2006 P. Sarro, C. Sasso, G. Scappatura
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with the Invariant Sections being the name of author and this warning of copyright. A copy of the license can be found at http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/fdl.html
The sources shown in this document are free software; you can redistribuite them and/or modify them under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. A copy of the license can be found at http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/lgpl.html
All products names and trademarks mentioned in this document are registered trademarks of respective owners.

 

Vi presento qui il lavoro che abbiamo svolto per l'esame di Sistemi Integrati. Si trattava di implementare in VHDL un codificatore 2-D DCT. Tutti i files relativi al progetto sono reperibili nel file dct.zip. Di seguito riporto il testo delle specifiche richieste per lo sviluppo del progetto.

 

The Discrete Cosine Transform

The discrete cosine transform (DCT) and the inverse discrete cosine transform (IDCT) are substantial performance bottlenecks in the contemporary visual datacompression algorithms (JPEG, MPEG, etc.). Implementing DCT/IDCT, as anASIC is a design solution, which meets the real time processing requirements.
DCT and IDCT have been widely used in video data compression standards. The decorrelation and energy compaction properties of the transform have been exploited to achieve high compression ratios in MPEG and JPEG. The N-point 1-D DCT is defined by

where

DCT and IDCT are highly computational intensive, which creates prerequisites for performance bottlenecks in systems utilizing them. To overcome this problem, a number of algorithms have been proposed for more efficient computations of these transforms.

The Project

You are required to implement the 2-D DCT on a block of 8x8 samples using the Van Eijdhoven and Sijstermans approach. This algorithm is a slight modification of the original Loeffler algorithm, which provides one of the most computationally efficient 1-D DCT calculations. The chioce of the algorith is not mandatory, just an advice, any other motivated solution is appreciated.
Some detail about the algorithm can be retrived from the article "DCT and IDCT Implementations on Different FPGA Technologies" by Khurram Bukhari, Georgi Kuzmanov and Stamatis Vassiliadis of the Computer Engineering Lab, Delft University of Technology and in the reference of the paper itself.

 

The Deliverable

Your deliverable consists of:

  • maximum 10 pages synthetic project document, including
    – data-sheet of your design with input/output signal description, protocol and timing of I/O signals (if needed), and description of the testing environment;
    – short description of the internal architecture and your design choices using text, schematics, simulation waveforms and state-transistion diagrams or state-transition matrices;
    – post-synthesis results, that is complexity and performance

  • a zipped file containing the following directories;
    – src contains the VHDL source files of your design, including the testbench. Please write all your VHDL according to the style of the template posted on the course website.
    – syn contains synthesis script and post-synthesis report;
    – doc contains the documentation in pdf format.

 

Buona lettura!

 

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